District Profile

Major Farming Systems/Enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

S.N. Thrust Area Crop / Enterprise Identified Problem
1 Improved Varieties Wheat
Pulses(Pea Gram , Lentil & Urd)
Maize& Jowar
Low Productivity
Low Productivity
Low Productivity
2 Vegetable production,
Orchard & Agro-forestry
Tomato
Old Orchard
Low Productivity
Low Productivity
3 Watershed Management Watershed Lack of Awareness
4 Composite Fish Culture Fish Farming Improper Use of Pond
5 Goat Farming Goat Rearing Lack of Awareness
6 Use of Bio-Agents & Organic Farming. Vermi Compost Lack of Awareness
7 Value Addition & Post Harvesting Technology. Tomato sauce & Ground nut Lack of Awareness
8 Animal health & care (Timely vaccination, de-worming etc.) Lack of Awareness

Description of Agro-climatic Zone & major agro- ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

Agro - climatic Zone : Bundelkhand Zone (VI)

Agro - Ecological Situation :

Agro-ecological situation of the district were indentified through discussions with the consultant SIMA, KVKs and line department officers on climate, rainfall, vatriation in temperature topography, irrigation, soil type and its depth affected by erosion and how these factors affected the farming system within the the district. After sound discussion, the district was divided into two Agro-Ecological Situations (AESs) as AES-I is having red soil series as rakar and parwa (local name-Patli soils) with medium slope, AES-II black soil series as mar and kabar (local name-Malwa soils) with slight to medium slope.

In district Lalitpur, soil strata is rocky, terrain is undulating and slope ranges between (0.5 to 10%) and hillocks spreading here and there. Soils in the district are required in nature and formed in situ. Red soils originate from barren rock genesis granite and sometimes from sand supton. Black in contrast are formed partly in situ and partly transported with material like lime stone and trap.


Major

Agro-Ecological Situations (AESs).

List of representative blocks covered under each Agro-Ecological Situation of the district.

Agro-Climatic Zone Agro-Ecological Situation Name of Blocks Remarks
Bundelkhand Zone – VI AES-1 Red Soil Series Rainfed / Irrigated Talbehet
Bar
Jakhoara
Rakar and Parawa soils,
Medium slop
Rainfed /Irrigated
AES-2 Black Soils Series Rainfed/ Irrigated Mehroani
Madawara
Birdha
Mar and Kabar soils
Slight to medium slop
Irrigated / Rainfed

Information on Occurrence of Drought

S.N. Name of the Block Occurrence of Drought / Flood / Cyclone Severity M / S / VS % Cropped Area Affected % Of Farm Families Affected
1 Talbehet Drought M 30-50 70-90
2 Jakhoara Drought M 30-50 70-90
3 Bar Drought M 30-50 70-90
4 Birdha Drought M 20-40 50-70
5 Mehroani Drought M 20-40 50-70
6 Madawara Drought M 20-40 50-70

In the year 2007-08, during kharif sesason 40 % production loss occurred due to dry spell and in rabi 40% area was unsown due loss of moisture. Due to these losses in production small and marginal farmers left their houses for mazdoori in different cities.

* % for mild = M, Severe = S, Very Severe = VS (As per GOI / States parameter)


Spread of AES in the District Lalitpur

Name of ACZ Area in hac. Name of AES B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6
ACZ-6 Geogr. Area 507500 AES-I 61957 96361 61481 7900 9100 7300
Net Sown Area 277994 AES-II 8050 9350 4720 63452 74638 103186
Total 70007 105711 66201 71352 83738 110486

Note :

AES-I

B1= Talbehet

B2= Jakhoara

B3= Bar

AES-II

B4= Mehroani

B5- Madawara

B6= Birdha


Soil Types

S.N. Type of Soil Area Covered ‘000 ha
1 Rakar 113.78
2 Parwa 117.25
3 Kabar 21.21
4 Mar 2.98
Total 255.22

Land Use Pattern

Particulars Area ’000 ha.
Total Geographical area 519.30
Forest 76.16
Waste land 14.88
Other than cultivated area 41.42
Cultivable waste 61.06
Pastures 2.88
Bushes 0.68
Current Fallow 3.81
Other Fallow 14.58
Agricultural Land 294.33
Land Cultivated more than Once 199.23
Area Sown 521.94
Kharif 220.43
Rabi 295.89
Zaid 5.62
Crop Intensity 190.2

Out of total Geographical area of the district 519.3 thousand ha. forest waste land and other than cultivated area constitute about 23.39% which indicates thepossibilities for further extension in cultivated area. Cultivable waste is also about 119179 ha. which is significant and further indicates additional opportunities of intensification and diversification of agriculture & related production systems. One of the important features of land utilization of the district is current fallow, which can be converted into production system.


Area and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

Crops Area (Ha.) Productivity (Q/Ha.)
Jowar 75 11.07
Maize 25280 13.09
Urd 158317 7.72
Moong 5556 6.39
G.Nut 6675 11.91
Til 12211 1.84
Soybean 10911 14.14
Wheat 163229 26.81
Gram 22327 14.70
Pea 54748 17.30
Lentil 19330 12.48
Mustard 5898 7.37

Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

Category Population
Cattle 739579
Buffalo 163746
Sheep & Goat 165930
Poultry 773511
Others 4028